沒錯! 英國 確實未訂定 [官方語言]
但是 英語 是實際上的官方語言
至於 美國 的 國家語言 的現況,參看文章最後一段
[2006/05/19]美國訂定 [英文]為 [國家語言]!
而且全世界 絕大部分國家 都訂定了 [官方語言],請看:
這是世界上主權國家所規定的的官方語言的完整列表。它包含所有在一個國家或一個國家的一個地區有官方地位的語言。這個列表包括所有官方語言，無論它是在全國範圍通用的還是僅僅是在一個小地區通行，也不論它是主要語言還是少數民族語言。 只有有明確領土及主權、在國際上被廣泛承認的獨立政治實體被作為國家列於此處。這不是一個國家 或 地區的列表， 儘管有很多國家和地區在列表中。
對於境外領, refer to the corresponding sovereign states.
- 官方語言: one designated as having a unique legal status in the state, typically, the language used in a nation's legislative bodies, and often, official government business
- 地區語言: one designated as having official status limited to a specific area, administrative division, or territory of the state (on this page a regional language will have parentheses next to it that contain a region, province, etc. were the language has regional status)
- 少數民族語言: (as used here) one spoken by a minority population within the state and officially designated as such; typically afforded protection and designated an officially permissible language for legal and government business in a specific area or territory of the state (on this page a minority language will be followed by parentheses that identify its minority status)
- 國家語言: one that uniquely represents the national identity of a state, nation, and/or country and so designated by a country's government; some are technically minority languages (on this page a national language will be followed by parentheses that identify it as a national language status)
至於 世界各國的 語言政策,請看:
還有 世界各國的 語言政策(政治議題),請看:
至於 世界各國的 語言政治議題(具有爭議的),請看:
而且 大多數 都是 採用 多語言政策
至於 國家語言 則請看:
Official versus national languages
The national languages of stateless nations are often not official languages in any country. Some have no government recognition, while others may enjoy a high degree of official recognition. Some examples of national languages that are not official languages include Aromanian, Cherokee, and Navajo (and other living Native American languages). Certain languages may enjoy government recognition or even status as official languages in some countries while not in others. India has a list of 23 official languages. Neither the constitution nor the laws of India accord the status of "National Language" to any language in India. Indian law states that no language will be made the National Language unless and until all the constituent states of the Union of India accept it. Out of the 28 states and 7 union territories, only 10 states and 3 union territories have Hindi as the principal official language.
- See also: Standard Mandarin and History of Standard Mandarin.
In China, plenty of spoken variants have been existing in different parts of the country. In the ancient time, several local dialects were chosen as the official spoken language, such as dialects from Hangzhou, Nanjing, etc.
After the Xinhai Revolution in 1911, the Chinese Nationalist party - Kuomintang founded the Republic of China. In order to promote a sense of national unity and enhance the efficiency of communications within the nation, the Government decided to designate a national language. The Beijing dialect of Mandarin and Guangzhou dialect of Cantonese were the most popular options, and the Beijing dialect was chosen to be the national language, given the name "國語" in Chinese (Pinyin: Guóyǔ, lit. national language, commonly known as "Standard Mandarin" in English). In the beginning there were attempts to introduce elements from other Chinese spoken variants into the national language, in addition to those existing in Beijing dialect. But this was deemed too difficult, and was abandoned in 1924. Since then the Beijing dialect became the major source of standard national pronunciations, due to its prestigious status in the preceding Qing Dynasty. Elements from other dialects continue to exist in the standard language.
After the Chinese Civil War in 1949, the Chinese communist party established the People's Republic of China in mainland China. The nationalist regime of the Republic of China retreated to the island of Taiwan and maintained the same policy. On the other hand, the People's Republic of China, which administers mainland China, continued the effort, and renamed the national language that is largely based on the Beijing dialect as "普通話" (Pinyin: pǔtōnghuà, lit. common speech) in Chinese. ...
Republic of Ireland
Irish, a Celtic language, is recognized as the primary constitutional language of Ireland; notwithstanding that English is the de facto language of the nation. It is spoken by about only 5% of its population as a first language; however, the majority of the country have a reasonable spoken comprehension of it.
In Malta, the Maltese language is the national language. This is recognised as official as well together with English. In Malta most of the people speak the Maltese language and it is recognised as "national" in Chapter 1 of the Laws of Malta.
The Filipino language, which is based on Tagalog and other existing Filipino languages, is designated by the 1987 Constitution of the Philippines as the national language. The constitution designates both Filipino and English as official languages. More than 170 languages are spoken in the Philippines and almost all of them belong to the Borneo-Philippines languages group of the Austronesian language family.
In Singapore, the Malay language is the national and official language, since it is the native language of Malay Singaporeans, who were the original inhabitants of the land but are now a minority due to mass ethnic Chinese immigration and who now make up only 12.4% of the total population of 4.24 million. Three other languages enjoy official language status, including English, which is the language of business and governance and the medium of instruction in public schools; Mandarin Chinese, which is spoken by the majority (75%) of the population, and Tamil(some 10%).
On May 19, 2006, the United States Senate voted to make English the national language of the United States. According to the bill, written by Sen. James M. Inhofe (R-Okla.), the federal government will no longer provide multilingual communications and services, except for those already guaranteed by law. Shortly after the approval of the Inhofe amendment, the Senate voted for another bill by Sen. Ken Salazar (D-Colo.), according to which English is the "common unifying language of the United States," but mandated that nothing in that declaration "shall diminish or expand any existing rights" regarding multilingual services.
Previous incarnations of this bill were co-written and supported by Ron Unz, California millionaire. He, along with his organization (U.S. English), has been pushing for the "English-Only" cause for many years.
The impact of these bills is not immediately clear. It is also interesting to note that Inhofe switched the language from "official language" to "national language" in a last minute change.
至於 法律訂定 跟 充分溝通 已經進行了 五年了!
•去國語化?Chinese 是 中文 還是 漢語 的探討, Mandarin 是 官話?北京話?普通話?國語?